- Category: Koi Knowledge
- Published: Saturday, 08 February 2014 14:24
- Written by Caribmain
- Hits: 13371
Water quality is essential for keeping healthy and happy Koi. To maintain its perfect condition, invest in a good filtration system, including these main components: a bottom drain, filters, pumps, skimmers and UV lights. Choose every component carefully, so it fits your needs and the characteristics of your pond. Naturally, if your Koi live in an aquarium, you won’t need all of these.
The ideal pump should be quiet, highly efficient and reliable. It’s practical to spend a bit more on a high-quality pump and a bit oversized filter, as higher efficiency would cut your expenses in the long run (you would pay less for electricity, won’t need to purchase new ones anytime soon, and most importantly, your Koi would be in good health).
Make sure the water is well aerated. Don’t forget to regularly test the water’s pH levels (you can easily do it with the help of a test kit), and maintain them neutral and stable, between 6.8 and 8.2, with 7 being ideal. Both higher and lower levels are dangerous to Koi. Check the level of ammonia as well – it shouldn’t be higher than 0.25 ppm (parts per million), or even preferably – 0 ppm, as it’s extremely toxic and might poison the fish. Koi release ammonia in the water, and it’s also accumulated by uneaten food and decaying organic debris, which is why the proper cycling and filtering are necessary. Temperature is a key factor as well – Koi handle best stable temperatures, between 65 and 75 F degrees. Extensive temperature swings should be avoided.